It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine and weightloss Chloroquine phosphate dosage aquarium With Plaquenil, however, the most commonly prescribed anti-malarial, this sort of damage occurs only in 1 out of 5,000 people who take the drug for five years or more. For this reason though, it is important that you see an ophthalmologist for an exam before starting to take an anti-malarial medication for your lupus. Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. Plaquenil is most known for its original purpose treating and preventing malaria. Malaria is a disease caused by parasites that can enter the body through a mosquito bite. The essential ingredient, known as quinine, is derived from the bark of the cinchona plant. Today, it is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, some symptoms of lupus, childhood arthritis (or juvenile idiopathic arthritis) and other autoimmune diseases. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Plaquenil antimalarial Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Side Effects & Dosage for., Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine. Eye problems caused by plaquenil Antimalarial drugs are available in the United States. by prescription only. Medicines should be obtained at a pharmacy before travel rather than in the destination country. Buying medications abroad has its risks the drugs could be of poor quality, contaminated, or counterfeit and not protect you against malaria. In what parts of the world can Medicines for the Prevention of Malaria While Traveling.. Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine for Lupus - LupusCorner. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. Brand name Plaquenil. Hydroxychloroquine comes only as a tablet you take by mouth. Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat malaria, lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. By stopping or reducing flares, long-term use of antimalarial drugs helps slow or prevent lupus from damaging organs such as the kidneys and central nervous system. The antimalarials most often prescribed to people with lupus are Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil® Chloroquine Aralen® Quinacrine Atabrine® 2-3 Plaquenil is a slow-acting drug, meaning that it can take up to 6 months to experience the full benefits of this medication, but it is possible for symptoms to improve in as few as 1 or 2 months. Plaquenil and other antimalarials are the key to controlling lupus long-term, and some lupus patients may be on Plaquenil for the rest of their lives.