Malaria parasites can enter the body through these mosquito bites, and then live in body tissues such as red blood cells or the liver. This medication is used to kill the malaria parasites living inside red blood cells. What is the difference between hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine Chloroquine and diazepam The clinical usefulness of chloroquine, and in some recent cases of quinine as well, has been much reduced by the evolution and spread of chloroquine resistant malaria parasites. The mechanism of resistance involves a reduced accumulation of the drug, although again the mechanism involved is controversial. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil® is a 4-amino-quinoline antimalarial medication that is widely used to treat systemic lupus erythematosus SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, and related inflammatory and dermatological conditions. It is a hydroxylated version of chloroquine, with a similar mechanism of action. Pharmacology Indication Chloroquine is indicated to treat infections of P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, and susceptible strains of P. falciparum. 18 It is also used to treat extraintestinal amebiasis. 18 Both drugs may be needed for a complete cure and to prevent the return of infection (relapse). In some cases, you may need to take a different medication (such as primaquine) to kill the malaria parasites living in other body tissues. Pharmacology of chloroquine Chloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures., Hydroxychloroquine DermNet NZ Does plaquenil help scleroderma Apr 02, 2019 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. Chloroquine is rapidly and almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, and only a small proportion of the administered dose is found in the stools. Approximately 55% of the drug in the plasma is bound to nondiffusible plasma constituents. Aralen Chloroquine Uses, Dosage, Side Effects.. Chloroquine - DrugBank. Chloroquine Information for Providers AIDSinfo. Chloroquine also known as chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial medicine. It is available in the United States by prescription only. Therapy and pharmacological properties of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine in treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and related diseases. Rainsford KD1, Parke AL2, Clifford-Rashotte M3, Kean WF45. Oct 25, 2012 Chloroquine is 60% bound to plasma proteins and equally cleared by the kidney and liver. Following administration chloroquine is rapidly dealkylated via cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP into the pharmacologically active desethylchloroquine and bisdesethylchloroquine.